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Mệnh đề tương phản (Though, Although, Even though) và cách dùng.

ReadzoMệnh đề tương phản (Though, Although, Even though) và cách dùng.Although, even though, thought đều được sử dụng để diễn tả sự tương phản, đối lập....

Thủy Tinh

Thủy Tinh

05/07/2015

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    Period: 11

Averbial clause of concession/ constract

(Though, Although,  Even though)

Preparing date:11 /10/ 2011                          Teaching date:                    Class: A 3,5,7

I. Objective: By the end of the lesson Ss will be able to  do exercises relating to Averbial clause of concession/ constract

II. Procedure   

1. Theory: Averbial clause of concession/ constract

 a. Khái niệm: Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ quan hệ tương phản/nhượng bộ là mệnh đề để bổ nghĩa cho mệnh đề chính bằng cách xác định quan hệ tương phản/nhượng bộ đối với mệnh đề chính.

 b. Các từ thường dùng: Những mệnh đề này được bắt đầu bằng:

* Nhóm 1: Although; Though; Even though (mặc dù)

Ex: Although it rained heavily, they went out with their friends.

* Nhóm 2: While (trong khi); meanwhile; whereas (trong khi đó)

Ex: I like foot ball, while my sister like table tennis.

 * Nhóm 3: However; whatever; whoever; wherever (cho dù như thế nào, cho dù cái gì, cho dù ai, cho dù đâu...)

However + adj/ adv + Subject + Verb

Ex:       However cold the weather is, I’ll go out.

  c. Lưu ý:

* Trong ngữ pháp truyền thống thì liên từ “Though” thường không đừng đầu câu, “Even though” có nghĩa mạnh nhất. Eg: Although he is old, he is very active     

They are playing football though it rains heavily

  * Để diễn tả quan hệ tương phản, ta còn có thể sử dụng các trạng từ sau đây:

    No matter (dù cho, dù thế nào chăng nữa), Nevertheless, Nonetheless (tuy nhiên, tuy thế, dù sao)

+ No matter: được theo sau bởi các từ how, what, where, who. Chúng ta cần nhớ:

    No matter how = however                            No matter where = whatever

    No matter what = whatever              No matter who = whoever

+ No matter who/ whom/ why/ when/ where + Subject + Verb

+ No matter what + Noun + Subject + Verb.

+ No matter how + Adjective/ Adverb + Subject + Verb

   Ex: No matter who you are, I still love you.

No matter how/ however fast he ran, his brother arrived first.

            No matter what/ whatever book he reads, he’ll never learn anything.

       * Câu có chứa mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ quan hệ tương phản được bắt đầu bằng: “Although, Though, Even though” sẽ không thay đổi về mặt ngữ nghĩa khi ta bỏ các liên từ đó và thêm “but” vào trước mệnh đề kia. Eg: He is very active although he is old. àHe is old but he is very active

d. Để diễn tả quan hệ tương phản ta còn có thể sử dụng các giới từ sau đây:

Despite                

In spite of                         +          Noun/V-ing (phrase) (bất chấp/mặc dù)

Regardless of      

Eg: 1. Although he is old, he is very active àDespite being old/ his old age, he is very active

 => Lưu ý: Khi ta thêm "the fact that" vào sau các giới từ trên thì chúng được sử dụng như các liên từ

Ex: Although her little son is going to school for the first time tomorrow she is very calm

     à In spite of the fact that her little son is going to school for the first time tomorrow, she is very calm

2. Practice

Ex 1: Choose the best answer

1.      the increase in their salaries, many French employees spend Saturday at work.

a. Despite               b. Even if                      c. Even though d. In spite

2.      _____ he is the boss, he does not find solutions to problems very easily.

a. Although                         b. In spite of                 c. Notwithstanding        d. Despite

3.      Even if _______, they had to continue practicing.

a. the players soreness                                           b. the players were sore

c. the fact that the players were sore            d. it was the players soreness

4.      Gannon was a high-performing midfield linkman in spite _______

a. of he was at his age         b. he was at his old age c. of his age                  d. his age

5.      Many Americans eat more food than they need, _______ they are harming their bodies and minds by making unhealthful food choices.

a. but                                  b. although                    c. though                      d. in spite of

6.      I have not finished that report yet despite _______.

a. of working overtime last night                  b. to work overtime last night

c. working overtime last night                      d. I worked overtime last night

7.      Although sales fell sharply last month, we are on target for the year.

a. Even though felling sharply in sales last month

b. In spite of there was a sharp fall in sales last month

c. Despite the sharp fall in sales last month

d. Even if falling sharply in sales last month.

8.      Though he was appointed to a higher promotion _______.

a. and he decided to quit his job.     b. but he still decided to quit his job

c. but he decided to quit his job       d. he decided to quit his job

9.      Despite the increase in their salaries, 60 per cent of Japanese workers still spend Saturday at work.

a. In spite of their salaries are increased                   b. Although they has got the increase in their salaries

c. As their salaries have been increased                   d. Even though their increasing salary

10.  _______, he still went on working.

a. Tired as he was     b. Tired although he was    c. Even if his tiredness d. Despite he was tired

11.  _______ what I said last night, I still love you.

a. In spite                           b. Despite                     c. Even though d. Even if

12.  I didn t get the job _______.

a. even as my qualifications             b. in spite of I had some qualifications

c. without my qualifications d. despite my qualifications

13.  Our new neighbors are quite nice _______ they are sometimes talkative.

a. despite                            b. in spite of the fact      c. though          d. as though

14.  _______ of the difficulty, they managed to climb to the top of the mountain.

a. In spite               b. Despite                     c. But                           d. Although

15.  In spite of his hard work, he could not finish the job.

a. As hard as he work  b. Despite he worked hard   c. Though he worked hard  d. Although hard work

16.  He went to work despite his headache.

a. nevertheless        b. due to           c. notwithstanding         d. because of

17.  Despite _______, we knew that he was guilty.

a. denied                            b. denying                     c. he denied                  d. his denial

18.  Despite the fact that _______, we enjoyed our trip.

a. the weather is bad     b. it is a bad weather  c. the bad weather           d. the weather was bad

19.  Julie failed the exam _______ of working very hard.

a. despite                            b. in spite                      c. even if                                   d. though

20.  Tom went to work despite _______.

a. that he did not feel very well                    b. of the fact not feeling well

c. he did not feel very well               d. not feeling very well

Ex 2: Combine these sentences with using sugested words.

1. I got very wet in the rain. I took an umbrella with me (though)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

2. He made all his efforts. He wasn’t successful. (although)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

3. She can’t answer this question. She is intelligent. (no matter)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

4. Peter often tells lies. Many people believe him. (even though)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

5. He says anything, I don’t believe him. (no matter)

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

6. His life is hard. He is determined to study well. (although)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

7. You live anywhere. You shouldn’t forget your homeland. (no matter)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

8. I enjoyed the film. The story was silly. (even though)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

9. You return at anytime. I still wait for you. (no matter)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

10. I can’t play football. I like watching it very much. (although)

……………………………………………………………………………………………

Ex 3: Rewrite the following sentences without changing the meaning.

1. Despite having much money, he wasn’t happy-

à Even though………………………………..

2. Though she is still young, she is very serious

-à Inspite of…………………………………….

3. Despite her dislike for coffee, she drank it to keep herself warm-

à Although…………………

4. Though he was poor, he wasn’t always unhappy-

à In spite of………………………………..

5. He ate the chocolate cake even though he was on a diet

-à Inspite of………………………….

6. Although ha dinied, we all know that he was guitly-

à Despite of……………………………..

7. Peter has tried to repair the machine no matter how long it takes

à However………………...

8. No matter how poor the Pikes are, they lead an honest life-

à Despite…………………………

9. In spite of all our efforts, we weren’t successful-

à Although…………………………………..

10. Rich as he was, he never helped the poor-

à No………………………………………………

3. Keys

Ex 1:

 1. a                 2. a      3. b                  4.c       5. a                  6.c       7.c       8.d       9.b                   10.a

11.b                 12.d     13.c                 14.a     15.c                 16.c     17.d     18.d     19.b                 20.d

 

Ex 2:

1. Though I took an umbrella with me I got very wet in the rain.

2. Although he made all his efforts, he wasn’t successful.

3. Nomatter how intelligent she is, she can’t answer this question.

4. Even though Peter often tells lies, many people believe him.

5. No matter what he says, I don’t believe him.

6. Although, his life is hard, he is determined to study well.

7. No matter where you live, you shouldn’t forget your homeland.

8. Even though the story was silly I enjoyed the film.

9. No matter when you return at, I still wait for you.

10. Although I can’t play football, I like watching it very much.

Ex 3:

1. Even though he had much money, he wasn’t happy.

2. Inspite of being still young/ her young age, she is very serious.

3. Although she dislikes coffee, she drank it to keep herself warm.

4. In spite of being poor, he wasn’t always unhappy.

5. Inspite of being on a diet, he ate the chocolate cake even.

6. Despite of his dininal, we all know that he was guitly.

7. However long it takes, Peter has tried to repair the machine.

8. Despite thePikes’/ thier poverty, they lead an honest life.

9. Although we made all our efforts, we weren’t successful.

10. No matter how rich he was, he never helped the poor.

 

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