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Cấu trúc ngữ pháp Both……..and; Not only……..but also; Either…….or; Neither……nor

ReadzoCấu trúc ngữ pháp Both……..and; Not only……..but also; Either…….or; Neither……nor.

Thủy Tinh

Thủy Tinh

06/07/2015

19996 Đã xem

Conjunctions                                   

 Both……..and; Not only……..but also; Either…….or; Neither……nor

Preparing date: Saturday, April 2nd, 2011

Teaching date:

Class              :           12A4, 12A8

I/ Aims: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

            - know how to use the conjunctions: both…and; not only…but also; either…or; neither…nor

II/ Teaching aids: Posters, handouts and other objectives

A/. THEORY

1. Both……and (vừa….vừa…)

- Both…and…..được theo sau bởi những từ  hoặc cụm từ cùng loại

                        She’s both pretty and clever( both + adj + and + adj)

                        She both dances and sings ( both + verb + and + verb)

-Khi hai chủ ngữ được nối với nhau both….and thì động từ được chia ở số nhiều

                        Both my mother and my sister are here

 

2. Not only…….but also (không những…..mà còn)

- Not only…….but also có thể đứng ngay trước từ hoặc cụm từ mà nó bổ nghĩa

                                    The place was not only cold, but also damp (adjective)

-Not only…….but also có thể đứng giữa câu cùng với động từ

                                    She not only sings like an angle, but also dances divinely

-Not only…….but also có thể đươc đặt ở đầu mệnh đề để nhấn mạnh

                                    Not only do they need clothing, but they are also short of water

-Khi hai chủ ngữ được nối với nhau not only….but also thì động từ được chia theo chủ ngữ đứng gần động từ

                                    Not only my parents but also my sister is here

 

3. Either…..or ( …hoặc…..), (lựa chọn)

-Either….or được dùng để nói về sự lựa chọn giữa hai khả năng ( hoặc đôi khi nhiều hơn hai)

                                    You can either come with me now or walk home

                                    If you want to ice-cream you can have either coffee, lemon or vanilla

-Khi hai chủ ngữ được nối với nhau either …..or thì động từ được chia theo chủ ngữ đứng gần động từ

                                    Either the teacher or the students are planning to come

 

4. Neither ….nor (Không……..mà cũng không)

-Neither ….nor được dùng để nối hai ý phủ định( trái với both….and) cấu trúc này khá trang trọng

                        I neither smoke nor drink (less formal: I don’t smoke or drink)

- Đôi khi có nhiều hơn hai ý được nối với nhau bởi neither……nor

                        He neither smiled, spoke, nor looked at me

- Neither có thể đứng đầu câu và  theo sau là  đảo ngữ

                        Neither have I seen him nor have I heard him speak

-Khi hai chủ ngữ được nối với nhau neither …..nor thì động từ được chia theo chủ ngữ đứng gần động từ

                        Neither the teacher nor students are here

* Key: Both……..and; Not only……..but also; Either…….or; Neither……nor

Exe 1: Finish the second sentences so that it has …beginning with the given words or phrases

1.      He neither plays the guitar nor sings well

2.      Both Lan and Hoa went camping last Sunday

3.      It was the house that was built by my grandfather in 1970

4.      Not only my uncle but also my brother is working in New York

5.      Neither john nor Nam got up early this morning

6.      Both wheat and corn are grown  on our farm

7.      Either john or Mary has that book

8.      Neither Mai nor Lan was at the party last night

9.      Not only his sister but also his cousin is living in London

10.  Both tom and Ann were late

11.  Both Jim and Carol are on holiday

12.  George neither smokes nor drinks

13.  Neither Jim nor Carol has got a car

14.  The film was both boring and long

15.  That man’s name is either Richard or Robert.

16.  I’ve got neither time nor money to go on holiday

17.  We can leave either today or tomorrow.

18.  Helen lost both her passport and her wallet at the airport

19.  There are good reasons for using bicycles in big cities: they are both clean and easy to park

20.  on Friday evening I either go to the cinema or stay home and watch TV

Exe 4: Each sentence below contains an error. Underline it and write the correct answer in the space provided.

1.  was  -> were  2.  neither have      -> have neither  3.  which     -> that              4.  are -> is  

5.  Mai plays  -> does Mai play      6.  me  -> I   7.  had both      -> both had     8.  can’t        -> can   

9.  gave           -> was given               10.  enjoy not only                -> not only enjoy

Exe 5: Combine the following sentences. Use both….and: not only…..but also: either…or: neither…nor:

1.      He has neither a pen nor paper.

2.      Both tom and bob enjoy horseback riding // Not only tom but also bob enjoys horseback riding

3.      You can have either tea or coffee

4.      Neither mark nor David is in class today

5.      We can either fix dinner for them here or take them to a restaurant

6.      He wants to buy either a Mercedes or a Toyota.

7.      Both the leopard and the tiger face extinction// Not only the leopard but also the tiger faces extinction.

8.      Neither the library nor the bookstore has the book I need

9.      Both small pox and malaria are dangerous diseases.// Not only small pox but also malaria is a dangerous disease.

10. Neither her roommates nor her brother knows where she is

Exe 6: Complete each of the following sentences with suitable phrase: both….and: either….or: nether…. nor

1. both…and 2. either…or                        3. both…and 4. neither….nor       5. either….or

6. neither…nor        7. both…and 8. neither…..nor      9. either…or                        10. both…and

B/. PRACTICE

Exe 1: Finish the second sentences so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, beginning with the given words or phrases

1.      He doesn’t play the guitar well and he doesn’t sing well

He neither……………………………………………………………………

2.      Lan went camping last Sunday and so did Hoa

Both Lan…………………………………………………………………….

3.      My grandfather built the house in 1970

It was the……………………………………………………………………

4.      My uncle is working in New York and my brother is too

Not only……………………………………………………………………

5.      John and Nam got up late this morning

Neither………………………………………………………………………

6.      Wheat is grown on our farm, and so is corn

Both………………………………………………………………………..

7.      John has that book, or Mary has that book

Either……………………………………………………………………….

8.      Mai wasn’t at the party last night, and Lan wasn’t either

Neither……………………………………………………………………

9.      His sister is living in London and his cousin is, too.

Not only……………………………………………………………………

10. Tom was late. So was Ann

Both………………………………………………………………………..

11. Jim is on holiday and so is carol

Both………………………………………………………………………..

12. George doesn’t smoke and he doesn’t drink

George neither………………………………………………………………

13. Jim hasn’t got a car. Carol hasn’t got a car, either.

Neither Jim…………………………………..

14. It was a very boring film. It was very long, too

The film…………………………………………………………….

15. Is that man’s name Richard? Or is it Robert? It’s one of the two

That man’s name…………………………………………………………………………

16. I haven’t got time to go on holiday. And I haven’t got the money

I’ve got…………………………………………………………………………………….

17. We can leave today or we can leave tomorrow- whichever you prefer.

We………………………………………………………………………………………….

18. Helen lost her passport at the airport. She also lost her wallet there

Helen lost………………………………………………..at the airport

19. There are good reasons for using bicycles in big cities: they are clean. They are also easy to park

There are good reasons for using bicycles in big cities: they are………………………………...

20.  On Friday evening, sometimes I go to the cinema, sometimes I stay home and watch TV

On Friday evening I either……………………………………………………………………

 

Exe 2: Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the sentence.

21. I’m not sure where he is from. He’s …………………..Spanish………………Italian

            A. both-and                 B. either – or             C. neither-nor                        D. not only-but also

22. It was my room that………………..last Sunday

            A. painted                   B. was painted                        C. was painting                       D. had painted

 

23. Either my father or my mother………………………to the meeting

            A. go                           B. have gone                           C. is going                              D. are going

24. ………………Linh…………..his sister like listening to pop music

            A. Both-and                B. Either- or               C. Neither-nor                       D. Not only-but also

25. Football is the most typical example of…………………sports

            A. viewer                    B. watcher                              C. spectator                            D. observer

26. People who like art can……………………a course in painting

            A. run                          B. make                                  C. take                                    D. buy

27. We don’t have to repair the house as it is still……………………..good condition

            `A. at                           B. in                                        C. on                                       D. of

28. ………………….were punished as they were late

A. Both Tom and Ann B. Either Tom or Ann    C. Neither Tom nor Ann   D. All of Tom and Ann

29. He is so stubborn that………………his mother……………his mother can talk to him

            A. either/or                B. neither/nor                        C. both/and                             D. either/nor

30. Both my sister and her husband……………..good sense of humor

            A. has                          B. have                                    C. is having                             D. are having

31. ……………advices……………threats  had any effects on him

A. Neither/nor           B. Either /or                           C. Both/and                D. Not only/but also

32. She neither talked nor………………her feelings

A. show                       B. showed                               C. showing                             D. shown

33. You must either go at once or…………….till tomorrow

A. waiting                   B. wait                                    C. must wait                           D to wait

34. Don’t be so unreasonable! I can’t…………cook…………………iron your clothes

            A. neither/nor            B. either/or                            C. both/and                 D. not only/but also

35. It is the children…………..were punished

            A. whom                     B. which                                 C. whose                                 D. that

36. Either I or they………………enjoying the party now

            A. are                          B. is                                        C. was                                     D. were

37. Neither I nor she…………………..seen the film before

            A. has                          B. have                                    C. was                                     D. were

38. You can choose……………….cake……………..fruit for dessert

            A. neither/nor            B. either/or                            C. both/and                 D. not only/but also

39. Both the boss and his colleagues……………………..robbed last night

            A. is                            B. are                                      C. were                                   D. was

40. Neither you nor I ………………………here yesterday

            A. has been                 B. be                                       C. am                                      D. was

41. Our room is two crowded –either a table or two chairs…………..to be moved out

            A. has                          B. having                                 C. to have                               D. have

42. My sister either…………….the guitar or…………..very well

            A. plays/sing              B. play/sing                            C. plays/ sings                        D. play/sings

43. I can neither draw…….sing

            A. either                     B. nor                                      C. or                                        D. both

44. He did well in……………..mathematics and history

            A. or                            B. and                                      C. neither                               D. both

45. We have time to see…………………..the museum or the cathedral, but not both

            A. neither                   B. but also                              C. either                                 D. nor

46. She is………………intelligent but also very musical

            A. not only                 B. both                                    C. neither                               D. either

 

 

 

Exe 4: Each sentence below contains an error. Underline it and write the correct answer in the space provided.

1.      Both the driver and the passengers was injured in the accident.               1._____________

2.      They neither have a refrigerator nor a stove in their new apartment.                   2._____________

3.      It was his house which was drawn on the cover of the notebook.             3._____________

4.      Either Mr. Black or his secretary are meeting you at the airport.                        4._____________

5.      Not only Mai plays the guitar well but she also sings beautifully.                       5._____________

6.      It was me that was invited to a reception by the president.                                    6._____________

7.      Yesterday I had both lunch and dinnerwith my former classmates.                     7._____________

8.      Neither her husband nor her children can’t speak English fluently.                     8._____________

9.      It was the boy that gave an award by the town for his brave action.                      9._____________

10.  I enjoy not only reading novels but also magazines.                                          10._____________

 

Exe 5: Combine the following sentences.  Use both….and: not only…..but also: either…or: neither…nor:

1.      He does not have a pen. He does not have paper.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

2.      Tom enjoys horseback riding. Bob enjoys horseback riding.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.      You can have tea, or you can have coffee.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.      Mark is not in class today. David is not in class today.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

5.      We can mix dinner for them here, or we can take them to a restaurant.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

6.      He wants to buy a Mercedes, or he wants to buy a Toyota.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

7.      The leopard faces extinction. The tiger faces extinction.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

8.      The library does not have the book I need the bookstore does not have the book I need.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

9.      Small pox is a dangerous disease. Malaria is a dangerous disease.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

10.  Her roommates don’t know where she is. Her brother doesn’t know where she is.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Exe 6: Complete each of the following sentences with suitable phrase: both….and: either….or: nether…. nor

1.      John is talented. he…………..plays the piano…………………composes music.

2.      You must………………….take some medicine…………………..go to see a doctor, or both.

3.      The smiths are quite rich. they  have houses…………….in the city……………in the country

4.      It’s just a personal opinion…………….you…………….your friend is wrong.

5.      It’s urgent, so could you…………….phone…………………..fax?

6.      They said the room was very comfortable but it was………large……………..bright.

7.      Jackie Chan is………………an actor………………………….a stuntman.

8.      If I were you, I wouldn’t buy this chair. it is……………….cheap………comfortable

9.      You can have………………….milk…………………..orange juice, not both.

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