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Phrasal verb - lí thuyết và bài tập thực hành cơ bản.

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Thủy Tinh

Thủy Tinh


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A phrasal verb is essentially a verb and one or two additional particles

          EX: look for, look after, look up, look forward to, look down on …

There are four types of phrasal verbs. These are as below:

1. Type 1 = verb + adverb (no object)

The verb and adverb cannot be separated and there is no passive form in this type.

EX: break down = stop working

                The car broke down and we had to walk.

2. Type 2 =         verb + adverb + object

              or:         verb + object + adverb

EX:          Put off = postpone

                We must put off the meeting for another week.

                We must put the meeting off for another week

                If the object is a pronoun the adverb must come after the object

                We must put it off for another week

But not:

                We must put off it for another week. (wrong sentence)

3. Type 3 = verb + preposition + object

The preposition cannot be separated from the verb.

EX:       take after = be similar to older relative (resemble)

            He takes after his mother.

            He takes after her.

But not:

            He takes his mother after.

            He takes her after.

4. Type 4 = verb + adverb + preposition + object

EX:       put up with = tolerate

            I can’t put up with his behavior any more

            I can’t put up with it any more

Multiple choice

1.      Do you want to stop in this town, or shall we _______?

A. turn on                   B. turn off                              C. go on                                  D. look after

2.      Who will ________ the children while you go out to work?

         A. look for                    B. look up                              C. look after                          D. look at

3.      Please ________ the light, it’s getting dark here.

         A. turn on                      B. turn off                              C. turn over                            D. turn into

4.      The nurse has to _________ at the midnight. {take (sth) over: take control of or responsibility for}

         A. take care                   B. take on                               C. take over                            C. take off

5.      There is an inflation. The prices __________.

         A. are going on             B. are going down                 C. are going over                   D. are going up

6.      Remember to _______ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.

         A. take care                   B. take on                               C. take over                            C. take off

7.      You can __________ the new words in the dictionary.

         A. look for                    B. look after                          C. look up                              D. look at

8.      It’s cold outside. __________ your coat.

         A. Put on                       B. Put down                           C. Put off                               D. Put into

9.      Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.

         A. calls                          B. arrives                               C. reports                               D. prepares

10. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.{p ut off: postpone: delay}

         A. do                              B. let                                      C. delay                                  D. leave

11. My father still hasn’t really recovered from the death of my mother.

         A. looked after              B. taken after                         C. gone off                             D. got over

12. The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.

         A. went on                     B. went out                            C. went off                             D. went away

13. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.

         A. take part in                B. take over                           C. take place                          D. take care of

14. Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn’t get _______ his boss.

         A. up to                          B. on for                                C. on well with                      D. in with

15.  Why do they ______ talking about money all the time?

         A. keep on                     B. give up                               C. take after                           D. stop by

16. My father gave up smoking two years ago.

         A. liked                          B. continued                          C. stopped                              D. enjoyed

17. The government hopes to _________ its plans for introducing cable TV.

         A. turn out                     B. carry out                            C. carry on                             D. keep on

18. When the tenants failed to pay their bill, the authorities decided to _____ the gas supply to the flat.

         A. cut down                   B. cut out                               C. cut off                                D. cut up

19. Look out! There’s a car coming!

         A. The car is behind you, so you should run.

         B. Don’t go away because the car is coming.

         C. Hurry up or you will be late for the car.

         D. You should be careful because the car is coming.

20. I was born in Scotland but I ________ in Northern Ireland.

         A. grew up                     B. raised                                 C. brought up                         D. rose

21. How do you start the computer?

         A. How does the computer turn on?                           B. How do you turn on the computer?

         C. How do you turn  the computer on?                      D.  Both B and C are correct

22. I/ not accept/ offer/ turn down/

         A. I couldn’t accept his offer to avoid turning down him.

         B. I couldn’t accept his offer because he was turned down.

         C. I couldn’t accept his offer, so I turned it down.

         D. I couldn’t accept his offer whether I was turned down.

23. Both Ann and her sister look like her mother.

         A. take after                  B. take place                          C. take away                           D. take on

24. I’ll be back in a minute, Jane. I just want to try out my new tape recorder.

         A. resemble                   B. test                                     C. arrive                                 D. buy

25. She got angry when they started to………. her private life.

         A. ask for                       B. enquire after                     C. ask about                           D. enquire with

26. She ran in a marathon last week but………. after ten kilometers. {withdraw}

         A. dropped out              B. closed down                      C. broke up                            D. made up

27. Gertrude takes……….her mother; she has blue eyes and fair hair too.

         A. in                               B. up                                       C. after                                   D. down

28. It took him a long time to ………. the death of his wife.

         A. take away                  B. get over                             C. take off                              D. get through

29. There were so many kinds of cameras………., and I didn t know which to buy.

         A. to choose                  B. choosing from                 

         C. chosen                      D. to choose from

30. Billy hasn t been working; he won t………. his examinations.

         A. get off                       B. get through                        C. keep up                              D. keep off

31. They arrived………. the airport………. good time for the plane.

         A. in - on                       B. to - in                                 C. at - in                                 D. to - for

32. Did Mr. Tan………. the class while Miss Fiona was ill in hospital?

         A. take away                  B. take over                           C. take up                               D. take off

33. Paula applied for the post but she was………..

         A. turned down              B. checked out                      C. kept under                         D. pushed ahead

34. If orders keep coming in like this, I ll have to………. more staff.

         A. give up                      B. add in                                 C. gain on                               D. take on

35. Why do they………. talking about money all the time?

         A. keep on                     B. side with                            C. take after                           D. work off

36. In addition to Mr. Thomas and Miss White, the principal………. attend the school party.

         A. is likely                     B. is going to                         C. are likely                           D. are going to

37. We were too tired to wash ________ after the meal.

       A. over                    B. out                             C. up                              D. on

38. I don t know whether I ll go out tonight. It depends ________ how I feel.

       A. in                        B. at                               C. on                              D. over

39. The police made an appeal ________ the public to remain calm.

       A. by                       B. to                               C. at                               D. for

40. These policies ________ in many elderly and disabled people suffering hardship.

       A. recalled               B. succeeded                  C. resulted                      D. resigned

41. Part of the path had been ________ by the sea.`                                    `

       A. washed over        B. washed away              C. washed down             D. made in

42. The diesel / di:zəl/ engine was named ________ its inventor Rudolf Diesel.

       A. along                   B. to                               C. after                           D. with

43. The committee ____________ of different people of different views.

       A. composes           B. comprises                  C. consists                     D. contains

44. She ________ to the cinema last night.

       a. went over             b. went on                      c. went out                      d. went off

45. I ve been trying to ________ him all day.

       a. fall in love with     b. take track of               c. take advantage of        d. get in touch with

46. An ever-growing proportion of this ________ consists of unburned hydrocarbon gases from the exhausts of automobiles.

       a. pollute                  b. polluted                      c. pollution                     d. pollutant

47. His wife died in ________ when he was only 24 years old.

       a. children                b. childhood                   c. childbed                      d. childbirth

48. ________ policeman directing the traffic.

       a. Take care of         b. Take track of              c. Keep an eye on           d. Pay attention to

49. The bomb ________ when he rang the bell.

       a. went over             b. went on                      c. went out                      d. went off

50. No one really believed it when the news came through that the "Titanic" had ________ on her maiden voyage.

       a. gone over             b. gone on                      c. gone down                  d. gone off

51. Does this jacket ________ my trousers?

       a. go with                 b. go through with           c. go ahead                     d. go off

52. He ________ about his new car all the time.

       a. goes over             b. goes on                      c. goes out                      d. goes off

53. Do you think you could ________ this work with me some time, Peter?

       a. go over                b. go on                         c. go out                         d. go off

54. We have permission to ________ with the plan.

       a. go ahead              b. go over                       c. go on                          d. go off

55. I know you find the course boring, Pauline, but since you ve started it, you might as well ________ it.

       a. go with                 b. go through with           c. go ahead                     d. go off

Trích đề thi đại học năm 2010 (mã đề 469)

26. It is very important for a firm or a company to keep ______ the changes in the market.

         A. touch with                 B. up with                               C. pace of                               D. track about

14. The forecast has revealed that the world’s reserves of fossil fuel will have ______ by 2015.

         A. run out                      B. taken over                         C. caught up                           D. used off

31. Although smokers are aware that smoking is harmful to their health, they can’t get rid of it.

Trích đề thi TNPTTH năm 2010

4. He is disappointed at not being offered the job, but I think he will ______ it.

         A. turn off                     B. get over                             C. fill in                                  D. take after

6. “Don’t forget to take _____ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.”

         A. off                             B. apart                                   C. in                                        D. up

25. It was being able to fly ______ space that attracted Sally Ride to the job of an astronaut.

         A. to                               B. towards                              C. on                                       D. into

Fillin the gaps

     Get on             Fill in           look for             switch on            Take off   try on

     turn down        put out         believe in           throw it away     turn off

56. “Please________ the  radio, I can’t concentrate on my work”

57. Quick! ________ the bus. It s ready to leave.

58. I don t know where my book is. I have to ________ it.

59. It s dark inside. Can you ________ the light, please?

60. ________ the form, please.

61. I need some new clothes. Why don t you ________ these jeans?

62. It s warm inside. ________ your coat.

63. This pencil is really old. You can ________.

64. It s so loud here. Can you ________ the radio a little.

65. The firemen were able to ________ the fire in Church Street.

66. Does your little brother ________ ghosts?

------THE END------

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